The Danube Delta – Biosphere Reservation

Danube Delta is a unique land in Romania with a unique ecosystem and the second largest and best preserved of Europe’s deltas. Being the refuge for thousand of species and at the same time, the third richeast area in the world in terms of biodiversity, Danube Delta it is a true paradise for nature lovers and for those who wish to observe wildlife in its natural habitate, (especially for bird watcher’s enthusiasts). In terms of biodiversity it is exceeded only by the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Galapagos Archipelago in Ecuador.

There are many reasons why Danube Delta it is declared a biosphere reserve and a natural site included in the UNESCO world heritage: over 98% of the European aquatic fauna is found here, represented by more than 320 species of birds, including the largest pelican colony on the continent; the area is also the last remaining place in Europe where wild horses still roam free.

Fortunately, out of the ten countries crossed by the Danube (the third biggest river in Europe), Romania is by far the most privileged one, as it hosts Europe’s last natural paradise. The entire area boasts an astonishing diversity in terms of wildlife and landscapes of unmatched beauty.

What makes the Danube Delta one of a kind? Here are just a few reasons:

The forests of Letea and Caraorman are the only areas in Europe where we can still encounter tropical creepers. Owing to the migratory birds (some of them from as far away as China and Africa that are attracted by the maze of canals, which offer the perfect breeding ground), in their way to the final destination they bring the seeds of exotic plants adding an exotic touch to the landscape and making the vegetation to look like a small-scale jungle.

The richness of the Danube Delta area doesn’t strictly refer to its natural richness, but also to the historical heritage. Numerous archaeological sites existing today (Roman forts and ruins of Greek, Byzantine or Getic fortresses) give this realm a legendary dimension.

The Danube Delta is the largest and most compact reed area on Earth.
”Noctiluca miliaris” is the scientific name of an aquatic plant whose fluorescent color conveys the effect of magical water, this is why people call it the “sea-candle”.

When to visit:

The most favourable periods to visit the delta are the spring (April-May) and autumn (September-October), when temperatures are pleasant and there aren’t too many mosquitoes and horseflies. Summer is also a beautiful season in the delta, but it is known that during calm evening (which are common in this season), huge clouds of mosquitoes invade everything at nightfall. Ideal refuges in this case are tents of any kind, but they must be closed before 6 P.M. After this hour, if you want to have dinner, admire the sunset or the nature, you must do it indoors or from spaces protected with mosquito nets.